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The Evolution of Hindustani Classical Music in Pakistan Since 1947

Kabir Altaf
EPW Engage

The 1947 partition of British India on religious lines significantly impacted Hindustani classical music in the parts of the colony that became modern Pakistan. There is a consensus that, since the creation of the country, Hindustani classical music has declined in Pakistan. Various reasons for this decline have been theorised: the contested status of music in Islam, Pakistan’s search for a national identity distinct from India's, and the loss of patronage.